Start A Cronjob (with Bash and Python)

- 3 mins

What’s the Scenario

For some reason, I need to send a post request to a particular url to get a ticket string, and to update this ticket string in a configuration file periodically so that I can work on this project.

The solution is pretty self-explanatory. For starters, I need to send request and save/update the string in the configuration file, which is implemented by python. And most importantly, I need to start a cronjob to run the python script every 30 mintues.

Cronjob

I’d like to address cronjob first, because you can alter to node to do the http and file IO stuff, and the python code is just something came out of quick API search.

So for now, I assume the python and bash scripts are ready, and the only thing I need to do is to create a cronjob to run the bash script.

Cronjob Description

Run env EDITOR=nano crontab -e to open the nano editor, write something like this:

*/30 * * * * sh /Users/myname/Documents/myproject/ticket-cronjob/ticketHelper.sh >> /Users/myname/Documents/myproject/ticket-cronjob/cronjob-ticket.log 2>&1

Then press ctrl+o and press enter to save the file, ctrl+x to close nano.

Check Status

You can use tail -f /Users/myname/myproject/ticket-cronjob/cronjob-ticket.log to monitor real time content of the log file.

Besides, you can also type crontab -l to list all cronjobs, and crontab -e to read and edit cronjob descriptions.

Remove cronjob

Regardless of the fact that cronjob will stop when the laptop goes to sleep, there will be a time when you want to stop the cronjob, use crontab -r then the cronjob will be deleted, but it is not as good as pause and resume, which I’ll look into later.

Python and Bash

Python

The python script for requesting new ticket and updating the file is not difficult, but I am not that familiar with python yet, so I won’t paste the code here except noting that it uses packages such as requests and re.

Bash

As a matter of fact, in this case, it is not necessary to use bash to execute the python script since you can directly run python script in cronjob, but I’d like to give it a try anyway.

#!/bin/bash

# echo "pwd: "
# echo "\$0: $0"
# echo "basename: `basename "$0"`"
# echo "dirname: `dirname "$0"`"

python "`dirname "$0"`/getTicket.py"

The first line is a shebang, it tells the shell what program to interpret the script with when executed.

To make the script more flexible, I change the absolute path with dirname so it is executable on both local folder and cronjob.

Lastly, you need to execute a command like this chmod u+x myscript.sh to make this script executable.

Creating CronJobs

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